Wednesday, 26 July 2017

UKRAINE #Donetsk and #Luhansk Republics Create Own State

"Donetsk (UkrainianДонецькpronounced [doˈnɛt͡sʲk]translit. Donets’kRussianДоне́цкtr. DonetskIPA: [dɐˈnʲɛtsk]; former names: AleksandrovkaYuzovkaStalino (see also: cities' alternative names)) is an industrial city in Ukraine on the Kalmius River. The population was estimated at 929,063 (2016 est.)[1] in the city, and over 2,000,000 in the metropolitan area (2011). According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census, Donetsk was the fifth-largest city in Ukraine.[2] Since April 2014, the city is controlled by pro-Russian separatists from the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic.

Administratively, it has been the centre of Donetsk Oblast, while historically, it is the unofficial capital and largest city of the larger economic and cultural Donets Basin (Donbass) region. Donetsk is adjacent to another major city of Makiivka and along with other surrounding cities forms a major urban sprawl and conurbation in the region. Donetsk has been a major economic, industrial and scientific centre of Ukraine with a high concentration of companies and a skilled workforce.
The original settlement in the south of the European part of the Russian Empire was first mentioned as Aleksandrovka in 1779, under the Russian Empress Catherine the Great. In 1869, Welsh businessman, John Hughes, built a steel plant and several coal mines in the region; the town was named Yuzovka (Юзовка) in recognition of his role ("Yuz" being a Russian-language approximation of Hughes). During Soviet times, the city's steel industry was expanded. In 1924, it was renamed Stalino, and in 1932 the city became the centre of the Donetsk region. Renamed Donetsk in 1961, the city today remains the centre for coal mining and steel industry. Since April 2014, Donetsk and its surrounding areas have been one of the major sites of fighting in the War in Donbass.[3]"

"Luhansk (UkrainianЛуганськIPA: [luˈɦɑnʲsʲk]) or Lugansk (RussianЛуганскIPA: [lʊˈgansk]), formerly known as Voroshilovgrad (1935-1958 and 1970-1990) is a city in the easternmost Ukraine.
Luhansk has been held by the rebel group of Luhansk People's Republic since 2014. Luhansk is the administrative center of the Luhansk Oblast. After the rebels captured Luhansk and the southern parts of the Oblast, the (pro-Kiev) administration moved to Sievierodonetsk."


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