Sunday, 6 November 2016

#HOWTO INSTALL #DEBIAN LINUX - STEP BY STEP #COMPUTING

If you are currently on windows, right click MY COMPUTER, and determine from the info you will see which architecture your machine is from the usual hardware configuration out of these two:

32-bit = i386
64-bit = AMD64

Download only from the official debian repositories:
https://www.debian.org/CD/http-ftp/#stable

You want the STABLE branch, as above, not TESTING (the development version).

Burn that CD  as an image to a CD-ROM ... not as data:
https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=burn+CD+.iso+file&oq=burn+CD+.iso+file&aqs=chrome..69i57j0l5.7383j0j8&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8#q=how+to+burn+CD+.iso+file

How to Install Debian

1.  Set Computer BIOS to 'boot from CD-ROM' first.  You can access your computer's BIOS at boot time usually by pressing e.g. f2, or F10 or F12; it's specific to each model, so if you don't know how to access your machines BIOS … google for your specific machiine online and your computer manufacturers website, or some kind soul, will have put it on a web page for you to find out.  Often, it is displayed on the screen as you computer boots, if you have not noticed before!

2. Download and burn the correct debian CD-ROM .iso (image) file from debian.org Burn the image to a CD-ROM (as an image, not as data) … And insert into your CD-ROM, and reboot.

3.  Select from the menu on screen that pops up once debian is loading “install” from the menu.

4.  Select Language 'English'

5.  Select your country

6.  Select keymap = the keymap for your country's keyboard (e.g. gb for UK to get £ signs)

7.  Select network interface … if you are or can be on a wired network for the install, it makes things slightly easier, but if you only have a wifi internet connection on your machine, no problems. Select from those detected, the option you wish to use, from wired or wifi.

8.  Enter Hostname = enter anything you want (make something up e.g. 'home') for the name for your local network (even if you only have one computer, just enter e.g. 'home'.

9.  Enter Domain Name = enter anything you want again e.g. 'homenetwork' will do fine

10.  Set ROOT password = enter a strong password AND WRITE IT DOWN; the root password gives you 'superuser' (admin) control over the computer; keep safe away from kids, dogs etc!  Note, you will not see your password as you type; this is a security measure.

11. re-enter your chosen ROOT password again; ensuring you have typed it correctly.

12.  Enter YOUR NAME/your USER password

13.  Re-enter your USER password, to ensure you have typed it correctly.

14.  Partition disks screen: select 'guided setup' and 'use entire disk', and IF YOU WANT TO GET VERY SECURE INDEED (i.e. optionally) also select 'setup encrypted LVM' … if you want to encrypted your entire setup; the entire disk save for the boot loader and boot files.  If you select this option; when prompted, enter your DISK ENCRYPTION PASSWORD twice, AND write it down unless you are 100% sure you will never forget it; no password = your data lost forever. WARNED.

15.  Select the disk on your computer from the drop down list (if you have more than one disk, select the main disk you previously had windows installed on, your BOOT DISK, and not one of the other disks on your machine, if you have more than one hard disk.

16.  Select 'all files in one partition' when prompted if you want files in more than one partition.

17.  Write changes to disk and configure LVM = type YES!

18 Erase existing data on the disk on which you are installing Debian; you can select either, but if you are hyper-paranoid and went full disk encryption, I suggest you also allow the debian installer to forensically wipe the disk before installing onto it; takes some time, but DOES INCREASE SECURITY.

19.  Write changes to disk = YES … format disks = YES

20.  When prompted “Scan another CD-ROM” enter NO (you only need CD 1 of the debian installer CD-ROMS, but if you were offline installing here you could add the other 5 or so CD's) to the installer routine.  As we're installing on an internet connected machine, we just automagically grab off the internet ..  the linux way.

21.  Use network mirror = select YES.  Select a mirror closest to your current location in this option, e.g. if you are in the UK, select a UK mirror from the drop down list, if in the USA, select a US miorr to download from; be a good netizen … closer location = less congestion on the Net :) Any from the drop down list are fine; they are all exact copies of each other hence the term MIRROR.

22.  Configure Package manager/  use proxy = enter NO.

23.  Configure Populatrity Contest = enter either yes or no; good netizens enter yes, paraoid privacy types enter NO.

24.  SOFTWARE SELECTION … you have a list use the arrow keys on your keyboard to drop down to where 'gnome' is highlighted, and if there is no '*' next to GNOME, hit the SPACEBAR on your keyboard to put an * into that entry, so that you DO install GNOME (a windows manager in linux, so that you get a FULL DESKTOP installed, not the 'expert version' (command line only).

So you should have the following ticked with an asterisk

* Debian Desktop
* GNOME
* print server (if you have a printer you want to work with your PC)
* standard system utilities

25.  INSTALL GRUB bootloader to the Master Boot Record (MBR) = enter YES.

28.  Select main disk … from the drop down of disks (if you have more than one).

29.  When prompted to remove the CD-ROM, remove it from the CD-ROM tray.

30.  Reboot your machine, and welcome to debian, when it boots up!

Of course you can't read this if you only have one computer, as you go through the above, hence, a neat pdf of the above you can print out and have by your side, as you finally get rid of BILL GATES the criminal off your hardware FOR GOOD:

https://mega.nz/#!qlJjyK6J!n7LXvzErp_J5VkbdHHNn8UX1RWY7H4E5gYTSTH1qVlo





Sources
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