Sunday, 15 December 2013



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"JASON Group Membership list

Part-time defense think tank for university professors
The JASON scholars are a select group of scientists who conduct studies for different parts of the U.S. government. The group is referred to as the JASON Defense Advisory Group or simply the JASON Group. Today their headquarters are located at the JASON Program Office at the MITRE Corporation, a not-for-profit federally funded research and development company.

Hearts Of Black Science – Giving In To Anger by MusicDishTV

JASON was founded in 1958-1959 by scientists as Sidney Drell, Kenneth Watson, John Wheeler, Charles Townes and Marvin Goldberger (1). It was created as a special part-time division within the newly-established Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA), a federally-funded academic think tank that acted as a counterweight to research done by the different military branches, private corporations and the CIA. According to the official history of IDA:
"IDA traces its roots to 1947, when Secretary of Defense James Forrestal established the Weapons Systems Evaluation Group (WSEG) to provide technical analyses of weapons systems and programs. In the mid-1950s, the Secretary of Defense [Charles E. Wilson] and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff [likely Admiral Radford] asked the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to form a civilian, nonprofit research institute. The Institute would operate under the auspices of a university consortium to attract highly qualified scientists to assist WSEG in addressing the nation's most challenging security problems... IDA only works for the government... IDA does not work directly for the military departments... IDA does not work for private industry." (2)
To provide a bit more detail: In 1956, James R. Killian Jr., president of the MIT Corporation and a close associate of Vannevar Bush, suggested to Eisenhower that the country's best scientific talents should be brought together in an effort to break all Russian encryption systems. In response, Eisenhower appointed Bell Labs president of research, Dr. William O. Baker, as head of a commission to see what could be done with Killian's proposal. In February 1957, the Baker Commission announced its support for Killian and one of the responses of Eisenhower and his secretary of defense, Charles E. Wilson*, was to ask Killian, as president of MIT, to set up the Institute for Defense Analyses, which was to be done in cooperation with such universities as Caltech, Columbia and Stanford. Vannevar Bush, who used to be vice president of MIT before the war, briefly returned to MIT to take the chairmanship, from 1957 to 1959.
* Wilson was CEO of General Motors and proposed a "permanent war economy" after WWII to prevent another great depression. Together with John Foster Dulles he had been responsible for picking the committee members that turned the Psychological Strategy Board into the Operations Coordinating Board.
The purpose of IDA was to take over WSEG from the Joint Chiefs of Staff and to supply it with new ideas and technology concepts. Killian became chairman of the board of trustees of IDA. Other early members of the think tank were Eric A. Walker, mainly associated with the Office of Naval Research, and later JASON scholar Charles H. Townes, who had recently co-invented the maser, the predecessor of the laser. Both became leading officers of IDA, just as General Maxwell D. Taylor and the CIA's Richard M. Bissell, Jr. in later years. Someone like Admiral Harry Train also became involved with IDA after his retirement, although only as a regular trustee. The official history of IDA continues:
"In 1958, at the request of the Secretary of Defense, IDA established a division to support the newly created Advanced Research Projects Agency. Shortly thereafter, the mandate of this division was broadened to include scientific and technical studies for all offices of the Director of Defense, Research and Engineering. Subsequent divisions were established to provide cost analyses, computer software and engineering, strategy and force assessments, and operational test and evaluation... Throughout its history, IDA also has assisted other federal agencies." (3)
Although several subsidiary groups were created within IDA, it is almost certain that the newly created division to support the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA; later DARPA) was the JASON Group. ARPA appears on JASON documents under the heading 'Controlling Office Name' and JASON was created in the same 1958-1959 time period. IDA also talks about the mandate of the division expanding to perform studies for the DoD and such, which is also what happened with the JASON Group.
Three different JASON studies: 1967, 1978, and 1988. JASON started out at IDA. SRI became independent of Stanford University in 1970 and at this moment JASON might have moved over there until about 1978-1979 when its headquarters were relocated again, this time to the MITRE Corporation. A leaked 1973 membership list of the JASON Group, which is accurate, shows JASON had already been incorporated within SRI in 1973.
The above compilation of three different JASON studies shows how the organization it was part of changed over time (4). In the late 1960s it was incorporated within IDA; in the late 1970s it had been moved to Stanford Research Institute International (SRI); and in the late 1980s the JASONs had become part of the MITRE Corporation. Most studies were commissioned by DARPA, but other contractors have been the Department of Energy, the Department of Defense, the U.S. Army Research Office, the NRO, and a few other organizations.
James Killian was the most central player in the creation of all these civilian research institutions under Eisenhower. He not only founded IDA in 1957, but also the President's Science Advisory Committee (PSAC), both of which he became chairman. In 1958, he founded ARPA and as head of IDA, he approved the proposal to create the JASON Group. In 1958, Killian was also asked to create the Communications Research Division (CRD) within IDA, a Princeton-located top secret think tank for the NSA. Then, in 1959, Killian oversaw the creation of MITRE. He became a trustee of MITRE in 1960 and from 1967 to 1969 he was chairman of the board of trustees of this think tank, which was very similar to IDA and RAND. He remained on the board until 1982. In 1960, together with the earlier-mentioned William O. Baker and JASON scholars Richard Garwin and Sidney Drell, Killian was a co-founder of the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO), an intelligence agency that remained secret for about a decade; although its existence was only announced officially after the Cold War had ended (5). Back in 1957, Vannevar Bush is said to have suggested Killian as the follow-up of defense secretary Charles E. Wilson. That didn't go through as Neil McElroy became Eisenhower's new secretary of defense.
Vannevar Bush was chairman of MIT from 1957 to 1959 and would be followed up by Killian. Both had long careers at MIT. Killian was involved in founding PSAC, DARPA, MITRE, NRO, IDA, JASON, CRD, and possibly IDA's Research and Engineering Support Division and its Economic and Political Studies Division. JASON, as a part time group, would do studies for many of these organizations.
Most JASON studies have to do with the development of new cutting edge technology concepts for the electronic battlefield. The contractors evaluate the papers written by JASON members and then decide whether or not to do something with it. Many other studies have to do with the nuclear weapons arsenal. In the early 1990s, a couple of studies were done on climate change; in the mid 1990s studies started into the human genome; and still a couple of years later this science was combined with nanotechnology. Almost all studies are conducted to see if these technologies can be used to maintain a military advantage over the enemy. Recent studies have also involved the concept of Homeland Security. A good example of this is the 2002-2003 study 'Biodetection Architectures'. Since a lot of JASONs are university professors, most studies are conducted in the summer months when students are on leave. It is believed that each year about 15 studies are conducted, half of them classified. A study can be done by as little as two or three JASON members to as many as 17 or 18.
In the JASON membership list you will find 11 Nobel prize winners, usually received for achievements in physics (6). The vast majority of JASONs have Ph.D.'s in this field although some have chosen to specialize in electrical engineering, mathematics, oceanography, chemistry, or biological sciences. Generally, JASONs, especially the older ones, are very well rounded and can be involved in a wide variety of studies spanning multiple decades. One of its founders, Sidney Drell, was still active in 2003. Freeman Dyson is another member whose career with the JASONs spans four decades. Some other long time members are Stanley Flatte, Richard Garwin, Curtis Callan, and Alvin Despain. These were active since the 1970s or the early eighties and were still performing studies at the beginning of the 21th century. According to different sources, JASON consisted of about 45 to 50 members at any given time. Counting the members manually per decade in the membership list confirms that and seems to indicate the list is almost complete. Information about the 1960s remains scarce though, but the group started out with about 15 members and rapidly expanded.
The universities below are represented by the 119 JASON members that can be found in the membership list. The list below refers to the universities these individual JASON
Princeton, Princeton (NJ)14%
Stanford, Silicon Valley (CA)13%
Harvard, Boston8%
MIT, Boston8%
Columbia, New York7%
Cornell, Ithaca (NY)4%
Rockefeller, New York2%
Yale, New Haven1%
Dartmouth, Hanover (NH)1%
members have been employed, not where they got their education.

Los Alamos, Lawrence Livermore, Caltech, the Scripps Institution for Oceanography, and a bunch of faculties in the Los Angeles area are all managed by the University of California. This is one reason for the large amount JASONs affiliated with this university. A second reason is that Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore are the most important labs in the United States for research in nuclear energy and nuclear weapons, which has always been a primary occupation of JASON members. The South-West is also the location where most of the weapons systems and other cutting edge technology is
developed. Stanford, although many times smaller than the UC complex, is another university really focused on science and technology. It is located right in the middle of Silicon Valley and quite a few JASON members have been employed at its Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC); and more often than not, they held the senior positions. Another significant portion of JASON members have been employed at Princeton and some of its most veteran members worked at the physics lab of this university: Curtis Callan, Freeman Dyson, and Francis Perkins. They were all active for JASON from the sixties or the early seventies until the turn of the century. Another prominent physicist at Princeton was John Wheeler.
Most JASONs never played any significant role in politics. There are a few exceptions of course and these exceptions tend to be members of the Council on Foreign Relations. Of the 119 individuals in the membership list, only 11 are members of the CFR. These 11 are the ones who usually chair all kinds of national science committees, advise presidents on scientific matters, and work for a variety of large corporations. Non-CFR JASONs often have impressive biographies too, but they tend to focus on other things than Washington politics or Wall Street business.
Even though there are not a whole lot, below you can find a short list of some of the more interesting individuals in the JASON Group. Take a look at the membership list for additional details.
Luis W. Alvarez60's-70'sDeveloped the detonators for 'Fat Man' during the Manhattan Project. On board the Enola Gay as it dropped the bomb. Pushed for the development of thermo-nuclear weapons. Together with J. Allen Hynek he was a member of the January 1953 Durant Panel Report in which the recent UFO waves were debunked as paranoia and considered no threat to national security. According to the panel the phenomenon should be ignored because the "irrelevant reports" were "clogging the channels of communication". According to Hynek the Pentagon wouldn't allow any other position on the subject. Joined the board board of IDA and stayed until 1967. In 1965, Alvarez X-rayed the great pyramid of Khafre (Giza) in search for hidden chambers. Initially the team reported all kinds of anomalous behavior which made their data unreadable, but quickly thereafter they reported that there weren't any problems. Analyzed the Zapruder film in 1967, which convinced the Church Committee in 1976 that Kennedy's headshot could have been caused by a bullet from behind, indicating Oswald was the sole assassin. Received the Nobel Prize in 1968. In 1980, together with his son, Alvarez published the theory that an asteroid wiped out the dinosaurs 65 million years ago.
Lewis M. Branscomb1960'sRecipient of the Vannevar Bush Award of the National Science Board and the Rockefeller Public Service Award in 1957. Vice president and chief scientist of IBM Corporation. Director at IBM. President's Science Advisory Committee (PSAC) 1964–1968. Has been a director of Mobil Corp., RAND, MITRE, Lord Corp., C.S. Draper Laboratories and Arcturus Pharmaceutical. Member of the American Ditchley Foundation. Prominent in the War on Terror movement since 9/11.
Sidney D. Drell
60's - 21th
Member of the CFR and the President's Science Advisory Committee (PASC). Co founder of the NRO and the JASON Group. Worked with the CIA. Member National Security Council. Very influential individual, especially in things pertaining to the nuclear weapons arsenal.
Richard L. Garwin
60's - 21th
Co founder of the NRO. Director of Science and Technology of the CFR. Served on the President's Science Advisory Committee (PSAC) and chaired its panels on Military Aircraft, Anti-submarine and Naval Warfare. Informed Henry Kissinger on certain science topics. Expert in electromagnetic weaponry, but admitted he didn't have access to all the of the compartmented programs that are going on.
Murray Gell-Mann60's - 80'sReceived the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1969 for his work in creating the 'standard model' in physics. Concerned with global policy matters such as population growth, conservation and biodiversity, sustainable economic development, and geopolitical stability. Co-chairman of the Science Board of the Santa Fe Institute. Member of the CFR and the Royal Society of London. Trustee of the World Conservation Society together with the Astors, Rockefellers, Phipps, Schiffs and other elite Pilgrims Society families. In February 2006, Gell-Mann attended The Amazing Meeting in Las Vegas, a benefit for the James Randi Educational Foundation. Phil Plait (the "bad astronomer" and nemesis of Richard Hoagland) also spoke at the conference.
Joshua Lederberg
Member of the CFR. Throughout his career a science advisor to the government and employed by the Rockefellers. President of the Rockefeller University 1978-1990. Chairman of Jimmy Carter's President's Cancer Panel in 1979. In 1994, he headed the Defense Science Board Task Force on Persian Gulf War Health Effects, which investigated Gulf War Syndrome. It concluded that there was no evidence of a "specific Gulf War Syndrome" and no evidence of biochemical exposures.
Gordon J.F. MacDonald
70's - 90's
Member of the CFR. Consultant to NASA. President's Science Advisory Committee (PSAC). Expert in weather control technology who predicted it would be able to cause droughts or severe rain by the year 2018. In the 1970s, according to Nexus Magazine, Zbigniew Brzezinski wrote: "Political strategists are tempted to exploit research on the brain and human behavior. Geophysicist Gordon J. F. MacDonald-specialist in problems of warfare-says accurately-timed, artificially-excited electronic strokes 'could lead to a pattern of oscillations that produce relatively high power levels over certain regions of the Earth... In this way, one could develop a system that would seriously impair the brain performance of very large populations in selected regions over an extended period..."
William A. Nierenberg70's - 90'sMember of the CFR. Director of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography from 1965 to 1986. Member of the Board of Science Advisors at Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP). Science advisor to NATO and the U.S. State Department. Served on the advisory board of the Electric Power Research Institute. Chairman of the first National Academy of Sciences study (1983-1984) on the greenhouse effect, possible sea-level rises, and climate change, which was conducted in the early part of the eighties (titled: 'Changing Climate' and 'Acid Rain'). Frequent visitor of New York and well known at the Rockefeller University. He was a protege of Detlev Bronk, president of the Rockefeller University.
Back in early 1970s there was a group called Scientists and Engineers for Social and Political Action (SESPA). They criticized the JASONs for their support of the Vietnam war. Some myths were helped in the world by this group, mainly that the JASONs were an"elite group" with "extremely high levels" of clearance. They indicated that JASONs had above top secret clearances by adding that "Top Secret is a low level of clearance"(7).
JASON scholar Richard Garwin, director of Science and Technology at the CFR, basically summarizes the story of JASON in the following statement:
"In my analyses of the effect of radiowaves on people [for the DoD], I have never found any significant effect other than heating of the tissues... So I don't think there is much in the threat of electromagnetic signals to control or disorient people by the effect on the human brain... [but] there are always 'compartments' to which even people with high-level security clearances do not have access." (8)
Most JASONs do not have any significant background in the military, in intelligence or as engineers and directors in private defense-oriented corporations as TRW, Lockheed, Northop, E-Systems, Bechtel or SAIC. Quite a bit of evidence has surfaced to indicate this is where all the real action has been going on, at least since the 1950s and 1960s. In case of electromagnetics, someone like Col. John Alexander would be much better suited to be put in charge of these black projects. Not only his high level background in Military Intelligence would qualify him for that, but also his controversial history and associates at, for example, the US Global Security Council, a private institution filled with generals, admirals, directors of every intelligence agency, SAIC executives, politicians, hawkish neoconservatives, Opus Dei members, Knights of Malta and supporters of the Unification Church. Edward Teller, a friend of Col. Alexander, used to be a member of that think tank (9).
The career of JASON scholar Luis W. Alvarez, one of the more interesting early members.
A small portion of the JASONs might have been privy to the nation's biggest secrets back in the 1950s and maybe 1960s, but there's no indication of that in the past few decades. They are a group of university professors doing defense-oriented research for the DoD on a part-time basis. Their papers indicate they are working on what is generally considered the cutting edge of science; but these are still the kind of things you can read about in every popular science magazine. It's a far cry from technology descriptions that have come from the deep black programs located in the military-industrial complex. The problem of course of that last category is that you can never be completely sure where misinformation and disinformation ends and reliable statements begin. In any case, the academic-civilian structure from which JASON emerged remains interesting as this was established during the exact time when president Eisenhower is said to have lost control over the blackest programs within the US government. As the story goes, his intention was that the civilian-government structure, represented by such institutions as IDA and MITRE, were at all times aware of the nation's deepest secrets. Something seems to have gone wrong with that idea (10), hence Eisenhower's last speech to the nation in January 1961 in which he warned for the rise of the military-industrial complex. An excerpt of that speech can be read in the column on the left.
[1]February 10, 1986, American Institute of Physics, Interview with Kenneth M. Watson (Drell is mentioned as a co-founder in some of his biographies)
[2]2005, Institute for Defense Analyses, IDA's History
[4]Federation of American Scientists (FAS), 'JASON Defense Advisory Panel Reports'
[5]August 18, 2000, NRO news, 'NRO Honors Pioneers of National Reconnaissance'
If you click on the link to Storming Media you will find a list of JASON studies. In each individual description you can find several of the authors. When you compare all these names with other sources you'll find the same names. It turned out to be so easy it's almost embarrasing.
[7]December 1972, Scientists and Engineers for Social and Political Action (SESPA), 'Science Against the People - The Story of Jason'
[8]Email conversation between Mind Justice and Richard Garwin
[9]More information and sources in PEHI's article on Le Cercle
[10]Disclosure Project testimony of Master Sergeant Dan Morris, USAF (Retired)/ NRO Operative:
"Now, Eisenhower wanted somebody to be in charge, he tried the CIA Director, and it didn’t work. The CIA was working primarily for itself. Most of the intelligence directors of the services were working for themselves. So he said, “I want it to be independent, I want it to be civilian. I want it to be some of our top scientists.” So it was organized but the name of the NRO was kept secret for years."
Disclosure Project testimony of Brigadier General Steven Lovekin, who was part of Eisenhower's and Kennedy's staff:
"I served under Eisenhower from May of 1959 until he got out of office and then I served under Kennedy until I left the service in August of 1961... Bluebook was discussed quite openly in the office... One afternoon when we were just about ready to finish up training, Colonel Holomon brought out a piece of what appeared to be metallic debris... He went on to further explain that this was the material that had come from a New Mexico crash in 1947 of an extraterrestrial craft... When he would get these [UFO] reports it would excite him [Eisenhower]. He was just a kid. He would get so excited and give orders like D-day was happening all over again. He was very, very interested in the shapes and sizes of the UFOs and what made them go... But what happened was that Eisenhower got sold out. Without him knowing it he lost control of what was going on with the entire UFO situation... I think he felt like he trusted too many people. And Eisenhower was a trusting man. He was a good man. And I think that he realized that all of a sudden this matter is going into the control of corporations that could very well act to the detriment of this country. This frustration, from what I can remember, went on for months. He realized that he was losing control of the UFO subject. He realized that the phenomenon or whatever it was that we were faced with was not going to be in the best hands. As far as I can remember, that was the expression that was used, “It is not going to be in the best hands”."
Additional references
[1]March 1967, Jason Division of IDA, 'Tactical Nuclear Weapons in Southeast Asia'
[2]March 3, 1968, New York Times, Sane Bids the U.S. Uphold Atom Ban'
[3]April 29, 1972, New York Times, 'Lab Occupation Ends'
[4]June 6, 1985, Washington Post, 'CIA Studies Sub Vulnerability'
[5]November 12, 1985, LA Times, 'Scientists Dispute Test of X-Ray Laser Weapon Livermore Lab...'
[6]June 4, 1986, LA Times, 'X-Ray Laser Test Data Inaccurate, GAO Study Finds'
[7]June 20, 1986, LA Times, 'Defense Expert Physicist Expected to Be Named as Scripps Director'
[8]February 18, 1990, Washington Post, 'Board Responded to a Narrow Question'
[9]November 1994, JASON & The MITRE Corporation report, 'Science Based Stockpile Stewardship' (JSR-94-345)
[10]August 4, 1995, JASON & The MITRE Corporation report about Nuclear Testing (JSR-95-320)
[11]August 15, 1995, Washington Post, 'Relevancy, at Last'
[12]October 1, 1995, Washington Times, 'Should we sign on to a nuclear test ban treaty?'
[13]October 28, 1995, San Francisco Chronicle, 'Bechtel Lands Nuclear Test Job'
[14]November 26, 1997, Washington Times, 'Ratifying the nuclear test ban treaty is a step toward nonproliferation'
[15]September 27, 1999, United Press International, 'US Not Ready for Bio-War Attack'
[16]December 17, 1999, LA Times, 'Adrift at a Tender Age'
[17]September 18, 2001, San Francisco, Chronicle, 'Bacteria, viruses pose grave threat, experts say'
[18]March 9, 2003, San Francisco Chronicle, 'Battlefield nukes Secret Vietnam-era report, just declassified, highlighted dangers'
[19]March 9, 2003, LA Times, 'MILITARY STRATEGY; Making the Case Against Calamity'
[20]March 9, 2003, LA Times, 'NUCLEAR WEAPONS; A Bad Idea in Vietnam, an Even Worse Idea Today'
[21]March 9, 2003, Washington Post, ''67 Study Discouraged Use of Nuclear Weapons in Vietnam War'
[22]December 15, 2004, United Press International, 'Report: Govt secrecy hurting warfighters'
[23]December 19, 2004, United Press International, 'Group slams unwieldy security'
[24]May 26, 2005, FAS, 'JASON on Sensors to Support the Soldier'
[25]Wikipedia, 'JASON Defense Advisory Group'
Author: Joël van der Reijden
Original: August 20, 2005
Version 2.0: November 17, 2006 

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Mor!  In Full

"JASON (advisory group)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
JASON is an independent group of scientists which advises the United States government on matters of science and technology. The group was first created as a way to get a younger generation of scientists—that is, not the older Los Alamos and MIT Radiation Laboratory alumni—involved in advising the government. It was established in 1960 and has somewhere between 30 and 60 members.


For administrative purposes, JASON's activities are run through the MITRE Corporation, a non-profit corporation in McLean, Virginia, which contracts with theDefense Department.
JASON typically performs most of its work during an annual summer study. Its sponsors include the Department of Defense (frequently DARPA and the United States Navy), the Department of Energy, and the U.S. Intelligence Community. Most of the resulting JASON reports are classified.
The name "JASON" is sometimes explained as an acronym, standing either for "July August September October November", the months in which the group would typically meet; or, tongue in cheek, for "Junior Achiever, Somewhat Older Now". However, neither explanation is correct; in fact, the name is not an acronym at all. It is a reference to Jason, a character from Greek mythology. The wife of one of the founders (Mildred Goldberger) thought the name given by the defense department, Project Sunrise, was unimaginative and suggested the group be named for a hero and his search.
JASON studies have included a now-mothballed system for communicating with submarines using extremely long radio waves (Project SeafarerProject Sanguine), an astronomical technique for overcoming the atmosphere's distortion (adaptive optics), the many problems of missile defense, technologies for verifying compliance with treaties banning nuclear tests, a 1982 report predicting CO2-driven global warming, and a system of computer-linked sensors developed during the Vietnam War which became the precursor to the modern electronic battlefield.


JASON members all have security clearances, and they include physicists, biologists, chemists, oceanographers, mathematicians, and computer scientists.[1]They are selected for their scientific brilliance, and, over the years, have included eleven Nobel Prize laureates and several dozen members of the United States National Academy of Sciences.[2]

Recent history[edit]

In 2002, DARPA decided to cut its ties with JASON. DARPA had not only been one of JASON's primary sponsors, it was also the channel through which JASON received funding from other sponsors. DARPA's decision came after JASON's refusal to allow DARPA to select three new JASON members. Since JASON's inception, new members have always been selected by its existing members. After much negotiation and letter-writing—including a letter by Congressman Rush Holt of New Jersey[3]—funding was subsequently secured from an office higher in the defense hierarchy, the office of the Director, Defense Research & Engineering, name changed to Assistant Secretary of Defense (Research & Engineering) (ASD (R&E)) in 2011.[4]


JASON studies include:
  • Compressive Sensing for DoD Sensor Systems, (November 2012, JSR-12-104)
  • Impacts of Severe Space Weather on the Electric Grid, (November 2011, JSR-11-320)
  • The $100 Genome: Implications for the DoD. (November 2010, JSR-10-100)
  • Science of Cyber-Security, (November 2010, JSR-10-102)
  • High Frequency Gravitational Waves, (October 2008; JSR-08-506)
  • Human Performance, (March 2008; JSR-07-625)
  • Wind Farms and Radar, (January 2008; JSR-08-125)
  • Navy Ship Underwater Shock Prediction and Testing Capability Study, (October 2007; JSR-07-200)
  • Reliable Replacement Warhead Executive Summary, (September 2007; JSR-07-336E)
  • Pit Lifetime, (January 2007; JSR-06-335)
  • DAHRT, (October 2006; JSR-06-330)
  • Engineering Microorganisms for Energy Production, (June 2006; JSR-05-300)
  • Reducing DoD Fossil-Fuel Dependence, (September 2006; JSR-06-135)
  • NIF Ignition (June 2005; JSR-05-340)
  • Tactical Infrasound (May 2005; JSR-03-520)
  • Quantifications of Margins and Uncertainties, (March 2005; JSR-04-330)
  • High Performance Biocomputation (March 2005; JSR-04-300)
  • Sensors to Support the Soldier (Feb. 2005; JSR-04-210)
  • Horizontal Integration: Broader Access Models for Realizing Information Dominance (December 2004; JSR-04-312)
  • Active Sonar Waveform, (June 2004; JSR-03-200)
  • The Computational Challenges of Medical Imaging, (February 2004; JSR-03-300)
  • Requirements for ASCI, (October 2003; JSR-03-330)
  • Portable Energy for the Dismounted Soldier, (June 2003; JSR-02-135)
  • Turbulent Boundary Layer Drag Reduction, (May 2003; JSR-01-135)
  • High Power Lasers, (April 2003; JSR-02-224)
  • Biodetection Architectures, (February 2003; JSR-02-330)
  • Opportunities at the Intersection of Nanoscience, Biology and Computation, (November 2002; JSR-02-300)
  • Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program, (April 2002; JSR-01-315)
  • Non-GPS Methods of Geolocation, (January 2002; JSR-00-105)
  • Radiological Weapons, (2002; JSR-02-340)
  • Biofutures, (June 2001; JSR-00-130)
  • Spintronics, (February 2001; JSR-99-115)
  • Imaging Infrared Detectors II, (October 2000, JSR-97-600)
  • Advantage of Base-Line Redundancy in Sparse Apertures, (September 2000; JSR-2000-551)
  • Space Infrastructure for 2020, (September 2000; JSR-99-125)
  • Imaging Infrared Detectors II, (June 2000; JSR-97-500)
  • Molecular Electronics: Interfacing the Nano- and Micro-Worlds, (May 2000; JSR-99-120)
  • Power Sources for Ultra Low Power Electronics, (June 2000; JSR-98-130)
  • 100 LBS TO Low Earth Orbit (LEO): Small-Payload Launch Options, (January 2000; JSR-98-140)
  • Data Mining and the Human Genome (January 2000; JSR-99-310)
  • Primary Performance Margins (December 1999; JSR-99-305) (unclassified introduction)
  • System-Level Flight Tests, December 1999; JSR-98-310)
  • Remanufacture (of Nuclear Weapons), (October 1999; JSR-99-300)
  • Army Battlefield Communications (September 1999; JSR-96-605)
  • Characterization of Underground Facilities (April 1999; JSR-97-155)
  • Non-destructive Evaluation and Self-Monitoring Materials (April 1999; JSR-98-145)
  • Electro Thermal Chemical Gun Technology Study (March 1999; JSR-98-600)
  • Small Unit Operations (June 1998; JSR-97-142)
  • Signatures of Aging Revisited (March 1998; JSR-98-320)
  • Signatures of Aging [of nuclear weapons] (January 1998; JSR-97-320)
  • Counterproliferation (January 1998; JSR-94-140)
  • High Energy Density Explosives (October 1997; JSR-97-110)
  • Human Genome Project (October 1997; JSR-97-315)
  • Small Scale Propulsion: Fly on the Wall, Cockroach in the Corner, Rat in the Basement, Bird in the Sky (September 1997; JSR-97-135)
  • Subcritical Experiments (March 1997; JSR-97-300)
  • New Technological Approaches to Humanitarian Demining, November 1996; JSR-96-115)
  • Quantum Computing (July 1996; JSR-95-115)
  • Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) Review (March 1996; JSR-96-300)
  • DNA Computing (October 1995; JSR-95-116)
  • JASON Nuclear Testing Study: Summary and Conclusions, August 1995; JSR-95-320)
  • Accelerator production of tritium - 1995 review (June 1995; JSR-95-310)
  • Accelerator based conversion of plutonium (March 1995; JSR-94-310)
  • Microsurveillance of the Urban Battlefield (February 1995; JSR-95-125)
  • JASON Nuclear Testing Study: Summary and Conclusions (1995; JSR-95-320)
  • Jason Final Report, January 1995; JSR-94-105)
  • LIDAR (September 1994; JSR-93-310)
  • Science based stockpile stewardship (November 1994; JSR-94-345)
  • Counter proliferation /draft/ (August 1994; JSR-94-140)
  • MTPE /draft/ (August 1994; JSR-94-750)
  • ARM /draft/ (July 1994; JSR-94-300)
  • CO2 greenhouse mitigation (May 1994; JSR-93-340)
  • Underwater explosions ONR/DNA/NAVSEA /draft/ (January 1994; JSR-94-220)
  • Clouds and radiation – a premier [sic] (January 1993; JSR-90-307)
  • Verification of dismantlement of nuclear warheads and controls on nuclear materials (January 1993; JSR-92-331)
  • Small satellites and RPVs (January 1993; JSR-91-197)
  • SCHAMMP (Dec 1992; JSR-91-310)
  • JASON Global Grid Study (July 1992; JSR-92-100)
  • ARM review 1991 /draft/ (September 30, 1991; JSR-91-300)
  • Small satellite and RPAs in global change research /draft/ (August 1991; JSR-91-330-12)
  • Small Satellites (August 3, 1991; JSR-91-330-10)
  • ARM /draft/ (July 1991; JSR-91-300)
  • Verification Technology: Unclassified Version (October 1990; JSR-89-100A)
  • High gain arrays /draft/ (July 1990; JSR-90-210)
  • Detecting the greenhouse signal (May 1990; JSR-89-330)
  • JASON Review of Brilliant Pebbles, Vol. I, Executive Summary (September 1989; JSR-89-900)
  • Neutrino Detection Primer (March 1988; JSR-84-105)
  • Airships (1988; JSR-88-230)
  • Occulation study summary (February 1987; JSR-86-108)
  • JASON study on OTHB radars (1987; JSR-87-801)
  • Development stability of strategic defenses (October 1986; JSR-85-926)
  • Submarine detection: Acoustic contrast versus Acoustic glow (July 1985; JSR-85-108)
  • Seismic discrimination (April 1985 ; JSR-84-117)
  • SEASAT Report (January 1985; JSR-83-203)
  • Multiple scattering effects in radar observations of wakes (August 1984; JSR-84-203B)
  • SEASAT III & IV (August 1984; JSR-84-203)
  • SEASAT Report (March 1984; JSR-83-203)
  • The Long Term Impact of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on Climate: preliminary report (1979) JSR-78-07 and (1980) JSR-79-04; more fully published as MacDonald et al., (1982)[5]
  • Sonic Boom Report (November 1978; JSR-78-09)
  • Laser Propulsion Study (Summer 1977; JSR-77-12)
  • Low frequency sound propagation in a fluctuating infinite ocean II (June 1975; JSR-74-6)
  • Low frequency sound propagation in a fluctuating infinite ocean (April 1974; JSR-73-10)
  • The effect of surface currents on the equilibrium surface wave spectral energy density (October 1973; JSR-73-2)
  • Collected working papers on internal—surface wave interactions and related problems (August 2, 1972; JASON-72-Working Paper no.33)
  • Internal Wave-Surface Wave Interactions Revisited (March 1972; Paper P-853)
  • Report of the 1971 JASON Laser Summer Study. Volume I. Recommendations and Conclusions (1971)
  • Report of the 1971 JASON Laser Summer Study. Volume II. Supporting Appendices A-M (1971)
  • Generation and Airborne Detection of Internal Waves from an Object Moving through a Stratified Ocean, Vol II (April 1969; S-334)
  • Tactical Nuclear Weapons in Southeast Asia (March 1967)


Further reading[edit]

  • Ann Finkbeiner, The Jasons: The Secret History of Science's Postwar Elite, Viking/Penguin, April 6, 2006, ISBN 0-670-03489-4

External links[edit]

MOR!  Excerpted

"A selection of unclassified JASON studies is offered below.

  • Compressive Sensing for DoD Sensor Systems, JSR-12-104, November 2012
    • JASON was asked to consider how compressed sensing may be applied to Department of Defense systems, emphasizing radar because installations on small platforms can have duty cycles limited by average transmit power.
  • Impacts of Severe Space Weather on the Electric Grid, JSR-11-320, November 2011
    • This 2011 JASON Summer Study focused on the impact of space weather on the electric grid, seeking to understand 1) the current status of solar observations, warnings, and predictions, 2) the plausibility of Mr. Kappenman's worst-case scenario, 3) how previous solar storms have affected some power grids, and 4) what can be done at reasonable cost to protect our grid.
  • Tritium, JSR-11-345, November 2011
    • JASON was asked to examine the current state of scientific knowledge and engineering practice on the physical and chemical bases for large-scale tritium breeding.
  • Methods for Remote Determination of CO2 Emissions, JSR-10-300, January 2011
    • JASON was asked to assess U.S. capabilities for estimating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in support of monitoring international agreements.
  • The $100 Genome: Implications for the DoD, JSR-10-100, December 2010
    • Rapid advances in DNA sequencing and other technologies are ushering in an era of personal genomics. Soon it will be possible for every individual to have access to the complete DNA sequence of his or her genome for a modest cost. JASON was asked to consider the impact of anticipated advances in genome sequencing technology over the next decade, and to assess the relevant operational opportunities and challenges that will be presented by these technologies.
  • Science of Cyber-Security, JSR-10-102, November 2010
    • JASON was asked by the DoD to examine the theory and practice of cyber-security, and to evaluate whether there are underlying fundamental principles that would make it possible to adopt a more scientific approach.
  • Rare Events, JSR-09-108, October 2009
    • JASON was asked by the Department of Defense (DoD) to conduct an evaluation of the nation's ability to anticipate and assess the risk of rare events. "Rare events" specifically refers to catastrophic terrorist events, including the use of a weapon of mass destruction or other high-profile attacks, where there is sparse (or no) historical record from which to develop predictive models based on past statistics.
  • Lifetime Extension Program (LEP) Executive Summary, JSR-09-334E, September 2009
    • JASON was asked to assess the impacts of changes to stockpile warheads incurred from aging and LEPs.
  • Microbial Forensics, JSR-08-512, May 2009
    • JASON was asked to address the development of a research roadmap that would provide an underpinning for improved microbial forensic capabilities.
  • Science and Technology for National Security, JSR-08-146, May 2009
    • This study focuses on how best to structure basic research (BA1 or 6.1) within the DoD. The changing national and global context for basic research is reviewed and the rationale for basic research within the DoD is discussed.
  • Data Analysis Challenges, JSR-08-142, December 2008
    • JASON was asked to recommend ways in which the DOD/IC can handle present and future sensor data in fundamentally different ways, taking into account both the state-of-the-art, the potential for advances in areas such as data structures, the shaping of sensor data for exploitation, as well as methodologies for data discovery. This report examines the challenges associated with the analysis of large data and in particular compares DOD/IC requirements to those of several data intensive fields.
  • High Frequency Gravitational Waves, JSR-08-506, October 2008
    • JASON was asked by staff at the National MASINT Committee of ODNI to evaluate the scientific, technological, and national security significance of high frequency gravitational waves (HFGW). Our main conclusions are that the proposed applications of the science of HFGW are fundamentally wrong; that there can be no security threat; and that independent scientific and technical vetting of such hypothetical threats is generally necessary.
  • Current Spreading in Long Objects, JSR-08-531, October 2008
    • This note derives the distribution of electrical spreading currents along the length of solid conducting objects for which the length substantially exceeds the width.
  • DTRA National Ignition Facility, JSR-08-800, September 29, 2008
    • JASON was asked to address the utility of the National Ignition Facility (NIF) to the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) mission of determining the effects on DoD systems of the X-ray environments produced by nuclear weapons. Many DoD systems, such as re-entry vehicles and satellites, have survivability requirements that cannot presently be tested.
  • Human Performance, JSR-07-625, March 2008
    • The tasking for this study was to evaluate the potential for adversaries to exploit advances in Human Performance Modification, and thus create a threat to national security. In making this assessment, we were asked to evaluate long-term scenarios. We have thus considered the present state of the art in pharmaceutical intervention in cognition and in brain-computer interfaces, and considered how possible future developments might proceed and be used by adversaries.
  • Wind Farms and Radar, JSR-08-125, January 2008
    • JASON was asked by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to review the current status of the conflict between the ever-growing number of wind-turbine farms and air-security radars that are located within some tens of miles of a turbine farm.
  • Synthetic Viruses, JSR-07-508, 2007
  • Navy Ship Underwater Shock Prediction and Testing Capability Study, JSR-07-200, October 2007
    • Underwater mines have long been a major threat to ships. The most probable threats are non-contact explosions, where a high pressure wave is launched towards the ship. JASON was asked by the Navy to examine the potential role of Modeling and Simulation (M&S) for certifying ship hardness.
  • Reliable Replacement Warhead Executive Summary, JSR-07-336E, September 7, 2007
    • NNSA asked JASON to conduct a technical review of the Reliable Replacement Warhead (RRW), with a focus on the LLNL/Sandia design.
  • Pit Lifetime, JSR-06-3335, January 11, 2007
    • JASON reviewed the nearly-completed assessment of primary-stage "pit" lifetimes due to plutonium aging for nuclear weapon systems in the enduring U.S. stockpile.
  • DAHRT, JSR-06-330, October 23, 2006
    • JASON has been tasked by the NNSA with a review of progress on the second axis of the DARHT facility at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). DARHT 2 was declared complete in 2003 but, in subsequent testing, failed to achieve its design goals.
  • Engineering Microorganisms for Energy Production, JSR-05-300, June 23, 2006
    • JASON was asked by the Office of Biological and Environmental Research of the Department of Energy to assess the possibilities for using microorganisms to produce fuels as a metabolic product, in particular hydrogen or ethanol. We were asked to consider the prospects for achieving such biogenic fuel production in principle and in practice; and what the requirements and fundamental limitations are for achieving viability.
  • Reducing DoD Fossil-Fuel Dependence, JSR-06-135, September 2006
    • In light of an increasing U.S. dependence on foreign oil, as well as rising fuel costs for the U.S. and the DoD, and implications with regard to national security and national defense, JASON was charged in 2006 by the DDR&E to assessing pathways to reduce DoD's dependence on fossil fuels.
  • Quantifications of Margins and Uncertainties, JSR-04-330, March 23, 2005
    • Quantification of Margins and Uncertainties is a formalism for dealing with the reliability of complex technical systems, and the confidence which can be placed in estimates of that reliability. We are specifically concerned with its application to the performance and safety of the nuclear stockpile, because the test moratorium precludes direct experimental verification.
  • Emerging Viruses, JSR-05-502, 2005
  • BioEngineering, JSR-05-130, 2005
  • NIF Ignition, JSR-05-340, June 29, 2005
    • JASON was asked by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to assess the plan and prospects for achieving inertial confinement fusion (ICF) ignition at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) by 2010, including the use of beryllium targets.
  • Tactical Infrasound, JSR-03-520, May 2005 (1.4 MB PDF file)
    • JASON was asked to assist the U.S. Army's National Ground Intelligence (NGIC) in finding ways to enhance the effectiveness of infrasound monitoring. In addition, we were also tasked with determining whether infrasound monitoring was likely to provide information of value in other intelligence venues.
  • High Performance Biocomputation, JSR-04-300, March 2005 (1.9 MB)
    • A study commissioned by the Department of Energy to explore the opportunities and challenges presented by applying advanced computational power and methodology to problems in the biological sciences.
  • Sensors to Support the Soldier, JSR-04-210, February 2005 (1.6 MB)
    • The JASON study focused on the following topic areas: squad-level communications; location, navigation, and maps; sensing through walls; countering snipers; and uses for UAVs.
  • Horizontal Integration: Broader Access Models for Realizing Information Dominance, JSR-04-132, December 2004
    • A new, transaction-based approach to the problem of maintaining information security in a warfighting environment.
  • DNA Barcodes and Watermarks, JSR-03-305, June 2004
    • This study explored the feasibility of a program to tag genetically the microorganisms used for bioremediation, for the purpose of identification.
  • Active Sonar Waveform, JSR-03-200, June 2004 (2.1 MB)
    • JASON was tasked to study the recent spate of whale-beaching events which have been linked to sonar exercises. The initial goal of the study was to use the current level of understanding of these events to recommend modifications of the sonar waveform as a mitigation strategy. As we learned about the subject, however, it became clear to us that this is at present an impossible task; we just do not know enough about the damage mechanism and the chain of causation for an engineering solution to the problem.
  • The Computational Challenges of Medical Imaging, JSR-03-300, February 2004 (2.1 MB)
    • On the role and potential of computational technologies in medical imaging.
  • Requirements for ASCI, JSR-03-330, October 2003 (4.5 MB)
    • This is the report of the 2003 JASON summer study on the technical requirements for advanced scientific computing and modeling to support the Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASCI) Program of Department of Energy's and National Nuclear Security Administration's Science-based Stockpile Stewardship Program.
  • Requirements for ASCI, slide presentation, 2003
  • Portable Energy for the Dismounted Soldier, JSR-02-135, June 2003 (4.9 MB)
    • Focuses primarily on fuel cells for portable electrical energy production.
  • Turbulent Boundary Layer Drag Reduction, JSR-01-135, May 2003 (1.9 MB)
    • Explores turbulent boundary-layer drag reduction, needed for transoceanic transport at high speeds.
  • High Power Lasers, JSR-02-224, April 2003 (5.3 MB)
    • In Summer 2002, JASON undertook a study for the National Nuclear Security Administration of the prospective scientific value of high energy petawatt lasers to the NNSA's Stockpile Stewardship Program .
  • Biodetection Architectures, JSR-02-330, February 2003 (1.9 MB)
    • JASON considered the essential components and operation of an effective strategy for homeland biodefense based on technologies that are currently available or likely to become available within the next five years. It is not realistic to undertake a nationwide, blanket deployment of biosensors.
  • Opportunities at the Intersection of Nanoscience, Biology and Computation, JSR-02-300, November 2002 (5.0 MB)
    • Research capabilities in nanoscience, molecular biology and computation have advanced to the point where it is possible to define research activities in which the development of nano-bio systems will support major DOE science goals.
  • Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program, JSR-01-315, April 2002 (2.8 MB)
    • In 2001, JASON was charged by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health and Environmental Sciences, to review the DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program.
  • Non-GPS Methods of Geolocation, JSR-00-105, January 2002 (780 KB)
    • JASON was asked to conduct a brainstorming session on the problem of precision (at GPS-like accuracy) geolocation of ground elements by means other than use of GPS satellite transmissions in the usual way.
  • Biosensing, JSR-01-100, 2001
  • Moletronics II, JSR-00-120, June 2001
    • Molecular Electronics and Quantum Computing present very different challenges in the development of their potential for future information technology.
  • Biofutures, JSR-00-130, June 2001 (2.6 MB)
    • The goal of this 2000 JASON summer study on Biofutures was to explore prospects for computer modeling of cellular biochemical networks and to ask more generally about the role of modeling in biology.
  • Spintronics, JSR-99-115, February 2001 (1.4 MB)
  • Imaging Infrared Detectors II, JSR-97-500, October 2000
    • JASON has been tasked by the Army to review recent progress in infrared detector technology.
  • Advantage of Base-Line Redundancy in Sparse Apertures, JSR-2000-551, September 2000 (345 KB)
      A general argument is presented to explain the dependence of observation-time T on sparseness f in observations with sparse apertures.
  • Civilian Biodefense, JSR-99-105, 2000
  • Space Infrastructure for 2020, JSR-99-125, September 2000 (1.8 MB)
    • This report summarizes JASON's 1999 summer study on new approaches to the infrastructure needed for building, launching, powering and servicing earth- orbiting satellites that could be applied to military missions.
  • Molecular Electronics: Interfacing the Nano- and Micro-Worlds, JSR-99-120, May 2000 (1.4 MB)
  • Power Sources for Ultra Low Power Electronics, JSR-98-130, June 2000 (1.1 MB)
    • DARPA asked JASON to examine the issue of power sources for low power electronics with a specific emphasis on the properties of nuclear batteries and integrated power sources combining power and electronics.
  • 100 LBS TO Low Earth Orbit (LEO): Small-Payload Launch Options, JSR-98-140, January 2000 (1.5 MB)
    • This report examines the options for launching small payloads to Low Earth Orbit (LEO). Various launch options are considered, including single and multi-stage, ground and air launched rockets, as well as the potential advantages of an intermediate air breathing boost stage.
  • Data Mining and the Human Genome, JSR-99-310, January 2000 (1.6 MB)
    • As genomics research moves from an era of data acquisition to one of both acquisition and interpretation, new methods are required for organizing and prioritizing the data. Powerful data mining techniques have been developed in other fields that, with appropriate modification, could be applied to the biological sciences.
  • Primary Performance Margins, JSR-99-305, December 1999 (unclassified introduction)
  • System-Level Flight Tests, JSR-98-310, December 1999 (940 KB)
    • System-level flight tests are an important part of the overall effort by the United States to maintain confidence in the reliability, safety, and performance of its nuclear deterrent forces.
  • Remanufacture (of Nuclear Weapons), JSR-99-300, October 1999
    • The reconstitution of DOE remanufacturing takes place within the commitment to Science-Based Stockpile Stewardship (SBSS), and in an environment of the CTBT. The purpose of remanufacture is to maintain a safe and reliable stockpile of nuclear devices, together with their non-nuclear components that constitute a nuclear warhead.
  • Army Battlefield Communications, JSR-96-605, September 1999 (3.2 MB)
    • The Study Group was asked to access future COTS technologies as to their applicability to Army battlefield communications at the brigade and below levels and to identify research and development efforts needed in implementing the mandate.
  • Characterization of Underground Facilities, JSR-97-155, April 1999 (3.0 MB)
    • JASON undertook a study at DARPA's request to look for new opportunities for progress in the detection and characterization of UGFs. Part of our charge was to identify the most promising technology areas for investment, emphasizing standoff and covert sensor techniques.
  • Nondestructive Evaluation and Self-Monitoring Materials, JSR-98-145, April 1999 (2.0 MB)
  • Electro Thermal Chemical Gun Technology Study, JSR-98-600, March 1999
    • Electro Thermal Chemical (ETC) gun technology refers to the use of plasma devices in place of traditional chemical ignitors to initiate the burning of high energy propellants in a controlled manner. The goal of ETC gun research and development is to provide higher muzzle velocities and more reliable performance for large bore weapons than is possible with existing gun technology.
  • Exploiting the Genome, JSR-98-315, September 1998
    • JASON conducted a DOE-sponsored study of the human genome project with special emphasiS on the areas of technology, quality assurance and quality control, and informatics.
  • Small Unit Operations, JSR-97-142, June 1998 (6.3 MB)
    • DARPA requested a JASON summer study on Small Unit Operations (SUO), with emphasis on the SUO vision of total situational awareness for small ground units, remote commanders and remote weapons systems. The study focused on new technologies and concepts which might lead to a dramatic improvement in battlefield situational awareness.
  • Signatures of Aging Revisited, JSR-98-320, March 1998
    • A follow-on to the JASON Summer Study on what is known about the aging of critical components in the nuclear weapons stockpile.
  • Atmospheric Radiation Enhanced Shortwave Experiment (ARESE), JSR-96-310, February 1998
    • This report has been prepared in response to a request by the U.S. Department of Energy to review and assess the data and data processing being undertaken in conjunction with the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Enhanced Shortwave Experiment (ARESE).
  • Insonification for Area Denial, JSR-97-120, January 1998
    • This report examines concepts for area denial by use of focused sound sources.
  • Signatures of Aging, JSR-97-320, January 1998
    • In this study we review what is known about the aging of critical constituents, particularly the high explosives, polymers and metals in the enduring stockpile.
  • Advanced Radar Technology for Wide Area Surveillance and Fire Control Quality Tracking, JSR-95-230, January 1998
    • This report contains the results of the JASON summer study review of the ONR Advanced Capability Initiative to identify and develop advanced technologies needed for new ship and airborne search, tracking and illumination radars that would give ships a more effective self-defense capability against very low altitude cruise missiles and aircraft.
  • Counterproliferation, JSR-94-140, January 1998 (3.3 MB)
    • This JASON report was prepared in response to a request from the Defense Counterproliferation Initiative to comment on key areas of their program and to suggest the application of new technologies to key problems in the area of counterproliferation.
  • Nanoflyer, JSR-97-115, October 1997
    • A recent proposal to use electrostatic forces to lift and propel a small airborne vehicle is examined. We show here that although this is permitted by the laws of physics, it is very inefficient, and is limited to low areal loads by the requirement to avoid electric breakdown.
  • High Energy Density Explosives, JSR-97-110, October 1997
    • A JASON summer study was performed to assess the status of ongoing research programs in the area of energetic materials.
  • Human Genome Project, JSR-97-315, October 1997
  • Small Scale Propulsion: Fly on the Wall, Cockroach in the Corner, Rat in the Basement, Bird in the Sky, JSR-97-135, September 1997
    • This study concerns small vehicles on the battlefield, and in particular their propulsion. These vehicles may fly or travel on the ground by walking, rolling or hopping. Their purpose is to carry, generally covertly, a useful payload to a place inaccessible to man, or too dangerous for men, or in which a man or manned vehicle could not be covert.
  • An Unconventional, Highly Multipath-Resistant, Modulation Scheme, JSR-97-160, September 1997
    • In the obstructed urban environment, the RF channel between two mobile communicators (whom we will here regard as being pedestrians on foot) is degraded in two distinguishable ways.
  • Digital Beam Synthesis (DBS) for a High Capability Opto-Electronic Radar (HICAPOR), JSR-97-230, September 1997
    • This JASON study investigates the capabilities of HICAPOR by calculating the antenna beam patterns formed by typical implementations of this concept. A wide variety of para-meter choices are investigated and antenna patterns for HICAPOR are compared with conventional phased array and true time delay techniques of beam formation.
  • High Performance Human-Computer Interfaces, JSR-96-130, September 1997
    • Human interfaces to the computer have remained fairly crude since the use of teletypes despite the fact that computer, storage and communication performance have continued to improve by many orders of magnitude. How much better can we do?
  • Subcritical Experiments, JSR-97-300, March 1997
    • The authors reviewed the first two sub-critical experiments (SCEs) planned at the time, called Holog and Rebound, to be performed underground at the Nevada Test Site (NTS).
  • Advanced Computing, JSR-94-130, December 1996
    • The task of the study was to examine technical issues associated with the design and construction of advanced computers ona twenty year time frame. Focus was on two topics: superconducting and "single electron" logic, and advanced architecture.
  • Use of the Fast Flux Test Facility for Tritium Production, JSR-96-325, October 1996
    • This report provides the results of a JASON review of the technical feasibility of using the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) to generate tritium needed for the enduring United States' nuclear weapons stockpile.
  • Quantum Computing, JSR-95-115, July 1996 (4.4 MB)
    • An overview and assessment of the rapidly developing field of quantum computing is presented as a result of the 1996 JASON Summer Study. Interest in this field is fueled by the recent discovery by P. Shor of an efficient quantum algorithm for finding the prime factors of large numbers.
  • Ultrasound, JSR-95-145, May 1996
    • This report deals with the technical issues in ultrasound, both for combat and civilian care.
  • Unconventional Systems Integration, JSR-95-120, May 1996
    • This report examines some potential near term and long term applications of conventional integration in micro-electro mechanical systems (MEMs).
  • Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) Review, JSR-96-300, March 1996
    • During its 1996 Winter Study JASON reviewed the DOE Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) Program. This included the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and proposed studies.
  • Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM)Summer 1995 Review, JSR-95-315, October 1995
    • This report examines the issues of anomalous atmospheric absorption and makes recommendations concerning future directions for the ARM program.
  • DNA Computing, JSR-95-116, October 1995
    • This report examines the potential and limitations of DNA computing.
  • Nuclear Testing: Summary and Conclusions, JSR-95-320, August 1995.
    • Examines the experimental and analytic bases for understanding the performance of each of the weapon types that are currently planned to remain in the U.S. enduring nuclear stockpile. Also examines whether continued underground tests at various nuclear yield thresholds would add significantly to confidence in the stockpile in the years ahead.
  • Subsurface Science, JSR-94-330, July 1995
  • Letter report on ARM, JSR-95-317, July 27, 1995
  • Letter report on environmental bioremediation, JSR-95-330, July 26, 1995
  • SAR, JSR-93-170, April 1995
    • This report explores reformulations of the theory of SAR imaging so as to understand how to improve SAR images, structure parallel algorithms and machine architectures and to see what new SAR applications may be possible.
  • Microsurveillance of the Urban Battlefield, JSR-95-125, February 1995 (4.7 MB)
    • It is widely agreed that urban military operations demand greater 'situational awareness' than now exists. Soldiers need mapping tools to tell them where they are, real time information on what's around the corner and behind walls as well as reliable data links to receive and send orders and intelligence. At the same time, commanders need accurate knowledge of 'what's happening' in the city as a whole.
  • Security and Privacy in the NII, JSR-94-150, February 1995
    • The JASON study examined technical issues of security and privacy and came to the conclusion that the problems are policy and not technical in nature, That is, the technology exists to provide security and privacy services on the NIT but that issues of what services and their implementation must be resolved.
  • JASON Final Report, JSR-94-105, January 1995
    • During the 1994 JASON Summer Study twenty-five study topics were undertaken. Of these studies, twenty-one are included (i.e. summarized) in this report.
  • Science Based Stockpile Stewardship, JSR-94-345, November 1994
    • In this reoprt JASON analyzes the DOE program and makes specific recommendations regarding it.
  • A Preliminary Review of Global CO2 Exchange Between Ocean and Atmosphere, JSR-90-302, March 8, 1993
    • This report examines issues concerning the determination of the exchange of CO2 between the ocean and the atmosphere.
  • Clouds and Radiation: A Primer, JSR-90-307, February 1993
    • This paper addresses a previously unknown complex interdisciplinary process providing a feedback loop which may have major impact on the effect on global climate of the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
  • Advanced Over-the-Horizon Radar, JSR-90-105, February 1993
    • The task of the study was to evaluate DARPA's plans and roles for a proposed experimental test bed facility, which would be a precursor to an eventual operational AOTH system.
  • Structural Acoustics: A General Form of Reciprocity Principles in Acoustics, JSR-92-193, January 1993
    • A generalized Reciprocity Principle for Acoustics is obtained. By specialization, various principles which appear in the literature are obtained.
  • Verification of Dismantlement of Nuclear Warheads and Controls on Nuclear Materials, JSR-92-331, January 1993
    • This study addresses the question of verification of future agreements with respect to dismantlement and destruction of nuclear warheads, bans on the production of additional quantities of plutonium (Pu) and highly enriched uranium (HEU) for nuclear weapons and agreements on the end-use or ultimate disposal of special nuclear materials (SNM).
  • Self-Focusing Instabilities Induced by Over-The-Horizon (OTH) Radars, JSR-90-107, December 1992
  • Drag Reduction by Polymer Additives, JSR-89-720, October 1992
    • The 1989 JASON Summer Study on Drag Reduction focused on the physics which underlies methods utilizing polymer studies.
  • Acoustic Warfare: Bubble Clouds, JSR-91-113, October 1992
    • In this report, we survey the basic ingredients that go into the bubble cloud hypothesis for the enhanced acoustic backscatter seen at high enough frequency and wind speed.
  • JASON Global Grid Study, JSR-92-100, July 1992 (5 MB)
    • An assessment of the emerging global communications grid.
  • Effective Medium Theory for the Elastic Properties of Composites and Acoustics Applications, JSR-91-112, February 1992
    • We derive an effective medium theory that predicts the bulk and shear moduli of composite materials consisting of a matrix materal with soft or hard ellipsoidal inclusions.
  • Continuum Approaches for Describing Solid-Gas and Solid-Liquid Flow, JSR-91-310, February 1992
    • Two-phase continuum models have been used to describe the multiphase flow properties of solid-gas and solid-liquid mixtures. The approach is limited in that it requires many fitting functions and parameters to be determined empirically, and it does not provide natural explanations for some of the qualitative behavior of solid-fluid flow.
  • Persistence in Climate, JSR-91-340, February 1992
    • Persistence in weather forecasting is used to describe runs of several days with similar weather characteristics. This general notion of persistence is extended to long term records of climate by examining the scaling properties of the range, maximum minus minimum, of the integral or sum of observed or calculated variable.
  • Statistics of Extreme Events with Application to Climate, JSR-90-305, January 1992
    • The statistical theory of extreme events is applied to observed global average temperature records and to simplified models of climate. Both hands of records exhibit behavior in the tails of the distribution that would be expected from a random variable having a normal distribution.
  • CHAMMP Review, JSR-90-306, January 1992
    • CHAMMP (Computer Hardware. Advanced Mathematics and Model Physics) is a new DOE program designed to move climate models from the current generation of supercomputers to massively parallel computers of the future. The general computing goal of CHAMMP is to provide a ten thousandfold increase in computing speed.
  • Small Satellites and RPAs in Global-Change Research, Summary and Conclusions, JSR-91-330A, January 1992
    • JASON has now conducted two studies on the use of small satellites and remotely-piloted aircraft (RPAs) in global change research, with special reference to the DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program and to DARPA's Small Satellite program.
  • Small Satellites and RPAs in Global-Change Research, JSR-91-330, January 1992
    • This report contains an investigation of those global change science problems that can be addressed by remotely piloted aircraft or by small satellites. including the relationship to the NASA EOS program. New types of measurements that could be made possible by such satellite or aircraft platforms are pointed out.
  • Accelerator Production of Tritium (APT), JSR-92-310, January 1992
    • This report evaluates the practicality of using particle accelerator technology to start producing the reduced goal quantities of tritium at the delayed start-up date of 2005.
  • Issues in Predictability, JSR-90-320, December 1991
    • Since the beginning of the greenhouse debate, policy makers have demanded from the scientific community predictions of future climate in limited geographical areas and limited time intervals. Current climate models clearly do not have such capabilities, as is demonstrated by large disagreements among the models of continental size regions. Largely lost in the debate are fundamental questions such as: What is meant by predictability?
  • Small Satellites, JSR-91-330-10, August 3, 1991
    • How might DoD- and DOE-originated instrument concepts be used in the Global Change Research Program?
  • U.S. Special Operations Command, JSR-90-195, March 1991
    • This report summarizes the 1990 JASON Summer Study examination of a number of technical questions raised by the Special Operations Command
  • Verification Technology: Unclassified Version, JSR-89-100A, October 1990 (5.7 MB)
    • This report examines several technology issues relating to verification of nuclear weapons treaties. These include: non-convertible design of cruise missiles, tags and seals, radiation detection and surveillance.
  • Cellular Automata and Parallel Processing for Practical Fluid-Dynamics Problems, JSR-86-303, September 1990
    • During the 1986 JASON Summer Study a group of JASONs undertook to examine, under the sponsorship of the Department of Energy and DARPA, the utility of cellular automata in physical science calculations, especially in fluid dynamics.
  • Neutrino Detection Primer, JSR-84-105, March 1988 (2 MB)
    • This report is intended to provide for non-expert readers a survey of natural and man-made neutrino sources and a critical review of various methods which have been proposed for their detection.
  • Artificial Gill, JSR-86-104, November 1986
    • A system which would permit an undersea vehicle to extract oxygen from the seawater is intriguing, and may permit the development of very long endurance low velocity undersea vehicles.
  • Some Surface Wave Modulation Mechanisms Relating to the JOWIP and SARSEX Observations, May 1986
    • Large internal wave amplitudes were observed in the JOWIP and SARSEX experiments. These led to signifioant surtace wave modulations, as observed directly and from radar observations.
  • Bispectra, JSR-83-204, January 1985
    • This report provides an introduction to bispectral analysis.
  • SEASAT III & IV, JSR-84-203, August 1984
    • JASON continues its theoretical investigation of understanding the origin of the ship wakes seen by the SEASAT radar. The present effort incorporates the new experimental results from the Georgia Strait and Gulf of Alaska experiments.
  • Speech Research, JSR-82-601, May 1984
    • The mathematical modeling of speech for such applications as word or speaker recognition has been intensively studied over the past twenty years.
  • SEASAT II, JSR-83-203, March 1984
    • A brief overview of SEASAT and ship wake characteristics is given. The authors do not believe that the V-shaped wakes seen by the SEASAT satellite are external waves because ship wakes are three to four orders of magnitude too weak to explain the observed radar returns.
  • Reversible Logic as a Strategy for Computing, JSR-83-112, January 1984
    • During the 1983 Summer Study, a few members of JASON attempted to survey the current status of the reversible logic approach to digital computing.
  • Blue-Green Lasers and Electrodeless Flashlamps, JSR-83-101, August 1983
    • This paper addresses the questions of combining the technology of moderate pressure electrodeless discharge lamps with the efficiency of a resonantly pumped solid-state laser to achieve an efficient, compact, and reliable blue-green laser.
  • FISH RAGU (Fish, Radio-Receiving and Generally Useful), JSN-81-64, August 1981
    • The concept of using a 5O kg self-propelled body as a receiver for VLF signals is presented. This "fish" could operate a few meters below che surface and communicate with a submarine via high frequency acoustics.
  • Visible Chemical Lasers, JSR-80-14, December 1980
    • In the spring of 1980 DARPA requested that JASON review the present status of research on visible chemical lasers. During the summer of 1980 a JASON committee spoke to a number of scientists with interests in areas related to visible chemical lasers. This report summarizes the most interesting ideas encountered during the summer.
  • Tunnel Detection, JSR-79-11, April 1980
    • This report investigates the problem of detecting tunnels; it focuses on the characteristics of the propagating medium and on techniques using compressional seismic (P) and electromagnetic (EM) waves propagating between sources and sensors located in boreholes at depths comparable with the tunnel for which one is searching.
  • The Long Term Impact of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on Climate, JSR-78-07, April 1979
    • This report addresses the questions of the sources of atmospheric carbon dioxide, considers distribution of the present carbon dioxide among the atmospheric, oceanic and biospheric reservoir and assesses the impact on climate as reflected by the average ground temperature at each latitude of significant increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide.
  • Counter-Rotating Disk Homopolar Generator, JSN-79-03, 1979
  • Impact Fusion With a Segmented Rail Gun, 1979
  • Magnetic-Gun Igniter for Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion, July 10-12, 1979
  • Sonic Boom Report, JSR-78-09, November 1978 (6.6 MB)
    • Press reports of "East Coast Mystery Booms" have led to a number of studies of the propagation of shock waves (generated by the SST/Concorde) into the thermosphere [thanks to Todd Lemire for the document]
  • JASON Laser Propulsion Study, JSR-77-12, Summer 1977 (5 MB)
    • Laser propulsion is an idea that may produce a revolution in space technology. [thanks to Todd Lemire]
  • Internal Wave-Surface Wave Interactions Revisited, Paper P-853, March 1972
    • The interaction of internal waves and surface waves in water is explored in the regions where the effects of the interaction are small.
  • Acoustic Backscatter from Microstructure, Paper P-886, December 1971
    • The acoustic backscatter from the microstructure in vertical temperature distribution of the ocean is calculated and compared to observed volume backscatter.
  • Generation and Airborne Detection of Internal Waves from an Object Moving Through a Stratified Ocean, April 1969
    • This study deals with fundamentals in the performance of airborne sensors for detecting the wake in the passage of a submarine through stratified water.
  • Project Seesaw, February 1968
    • This study reports on a review of the status of theory and experiment relevant to Project SEESAW and makes observations and recommendations about continued work in these two areas.
  • Tactical Nuclear Weapons in Southeast Asia, March 1967
    • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the military consequences of a U.S. decision to use tactical nuclear weapons in Southeast Asia, under the assumption that the war remains theater-limited and that no strategic exchange occurs."



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